Quick Answer: How Were Slaves Treated In Athens?

What did slaves do in Athens?

The principal use of slaves was in agriculture, but they were also used in stone quarries or mines, and as domestic servants.

Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, with an average of three or four slaves per household, except in poor families..

Where did Greek slaves come from?

Slavery was common in antiquity, and the Athenians used thousands of slaves in their private homes, factories, and mines, and also as civil servants. Slaves were usually captured in war and came from all over the Mediterranean, including other Greek cities.

Which class in Greece was made of slaves?

Most homes in ancient Greece had slaves to take on these menial tasks. The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. They were considered free but weren’t given the same rights permitted to the upper class.

What did ancient Greek slaves wear?

Appearance of Slaves Slaves dressed like other Ancient Greeks, usually wearing short white tunics. Sometimes, slaves working in the hot sun wore loincloths. Both male and female slaves often kept their hair cut short. One reason other Greek women wore their hair long was to show that they were not slaves.

What percentage of Athens were slaves?

40 percentHistorians aren’t sure exactly how many slaves the Greeks owned, but they usually estimate that between 30 and 40 percent of the population were slaves. Even the poorest families owned at least one slave with some wealthy families owning hundreds.

How were slaves treated in Greece?

Slaves in ancient Greece were treated like pieces of property. For Aristotle they were ‘a piece of property that breathes’. They enjoyed different degrees of freedom and were treated kindly or cruelly depending on the personality of the owner.

What did Spartan culture most value?

Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. … Although Spartan women were not active in the military, they were educated and enjoyed more status and freedom than other Greek women. Because Spartan men were professional soldiers, all manual labor was done by a slave class, the Helots.

What made the Spartans so powerful?

During the 5th century BC Sparta was very powerful. This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Sparta focused on producing good soldiers and all Spartan male citizens were part of the army. The Spartan army played an important role in the Greek victory over the Persians, in 480-479 BC.

How were non citizens treated in Athens?

The representatives from Athens and Sparta will now describe their treatment of non-citizens, specifically women and slaves. … That includes acquiring and training household servants, preparing meals, and sometimes nursing sick slaves.

Who was enslaved in Athens?

The Populace of Athens – Slaves. Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. Indeed, one of the criticisms of Athens was that its slaves and freemen were difficult to tell apart.

What was life like for Athenian slaves?

In Athens, the lives of slaves were somewhat better. Slaves were privately owned in Athens, and each new slave was welcomed into the family with a ceremony. Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid. They could also live outside their master’s home.

How were Spartan slaves treated?

The helots were in a sense state slaves, bound to the soil and assigned to individual Spartans to till their holdings; their masters could neither free them nor sell them, and the helots had a limited right to accumulate property, after paying to their masters a fixed proportion of the produce of the holding.

How were citizens treated in Athens?

Male citizens in Athens could vote on all the decisions that affected the city and serve on juries. However, democracy was not open to everyone. Citizen women and children were not allowed to vote. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.

How did Athens become a democracy?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

What responsibilities did citizens of Athens have?

All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war. … Voting is not only a privilege but also a responsibility for a citizen.