Quick Answer: Who Were The Vellalas During The Sangam Age?

What do you mean by Sangam period Why are these called Sangam?

The Sangam means an ‘association’.

Here, it refers to Tamil Sangam, an association of Tamil poets, which flourished in ancient history of South India.

These Tamil poets composed the Sangam literature and the period in which it was composed is called Sangam Age..

Who was the first Chola king of Sangam age?

Vijayalaya CholaChola DynastyKing and Emperor• 848–871Vijayalaya Chola (first)• 1246–1279Rajendra Chola III (last)Historical eraMiddle Ages15 more rows

What is Chera Chola Pandya?

Chola, Chera and Pandya Dynasties. The Tamil country was ruled by three dynasties namely the Chera, Chola and Pandyas during the Sangam Age. The Chera Dynasty had ruled in two different time-periods. The first Chera Dynasty had ruled in Sangam Era while second Chera Dynasty had ruled from the 9th century AD onwards.

Why was Sangam Organised?

Sangam is basically a Tamil literacy academies so established by Pandyan kings, b. Sangam Literature is believed to have been composed and compiled in the assembly of poets held in Madurai. … Sangam a collection of poem was organised to admire and praise the chiefs.

How can the megaliths help us to reconstruct events of the Sangam age?

Solution. Megaliths: The megalithic culture is mostly known for its burials. The upland portions of the peninsula were inhabited by people, whose graves are called ‘Megaliths’ because they were encircled by big pieces of stone.

Which of the three Sangams was the most important?

Answer: Answer: Three kingdoms that existed during the Sangam Age were Pandyas, Cheras and Cholas. Achievements of Senguttuvan — Cheran Senguttuvan was the most popular king of the Sangam Cheras.

What was the main occupation during the Sangam age?

The economy of the ancient Tamil country (Sangam era: 500 BCE – 300 CE) describes the ancient economy of a region in southern India that mostly covers the present-day states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The main economic activities were agriculture, weaving, pearl fishery, manufacturing and construction.

Who were vellala peasants?

Vellalar is a generic Tamil term used primarily by various castes who traditionally pursued agriculture as a profession in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and northeastern parts of Sri Lanka.

How many dynasties are mentioned in Sangam literature?

Three dynastiesThree dynasties ruled during the Sangam Age – the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. The key source of evidence about these kingdoms is outlined from the literary references of the Sangam Period.

Who was the head of the Administration under the Sangam age?

In the Sangam Age, there were two councils two assist the king in his day-to-day administration. They were known as Iymperumkuzhu (Committee of the great five) and Enperayam (Council of the great eight). There were also other officials to run the administration efficiently.

How old is Sangam literature?

Age of Sangam Sangam was the ancient academy of Tamil poets and authors in the city of Madurai in South India under the patronage of the Pandya kings. It is difficult to estimate the exact date of these Sangam works. Some scholars suggest the historical Sangam literature era spanned from c. 300-BCE to 300-CE.

What is known as Sangam literature?

The Sangam literature (Tamil: சங்க இலக்கியம், caṅka ilakkiyam) historically known as ‘the poetry of the noble ones’ (Tamil: சான்றோர் செய்யுள், Cāṉṟōr ceyyuḷ) connotes the ancient Tamil literature and is the earliest known literature of South India.

Who was Arasar in Sangam period?

Sangam Society Tolkappiyam also refers to four castes namely arasar(Ruling Class), anthanar, vanigar(carried on trade and commerce) and vellalar(Agriculturists). Ancient primitive tribes like Thodas, Irulas, Nagas and Vedars lived in this period.

What are the three Sangams?

According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods, namely Head Sangam, Middle Sangam and Last Sangam period.

Who attended the first Sangam?

Later literary works like Iraiyanar Akaporul mention that 549 poets were members of it including Shiva, Murugan, Kuperan and seven Pandya kings. And 16,149 authors attended the convocation. Its chief works were Perumparipadal, Mudukuruku, Mudunarai and Kalariyavirai.