What Is The 500 Or 300 Rule In Photography?

What ISO is best for night shots?

Since you’re using a tripod, It’s safe to keep your ISO low.

Instead of bumping up the ISO, use slower shutter speeds and wider apertures, instead.

ISO 100 may be impractical for night photography, but ISO 400, 800, or even ISO 1600 should be enough in most situations..

How do I photograph the Milky Way?

Keys to a great Milky Way image:Use a wide-angle camera lens to capture a large portion of the Milky Way (17mm or wider is best)Use a higher ISO setting than you would normally use during the day to collect more signal.Use your cameras lowest f-stop to collect as much light as possible in a single exposure.More items…

What lens is good for night photography?

Best Nighttime Photography Lenses (Top 8 Picks)The Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM.The Nikon AF Nikkor 50mm f/1.8D.The Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM.The Sigma 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art Lens.The Canon EF 35mm f/1.4L II USM.The Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art lens.The Nikon AF-S Nikkor 24-70mm f/2.8 E-ED VR.More items…

What happens if shutter speed is too high?

In general, the faster your shutter speed, the more it will freeze motion — and the degree of frozen motion will depend on how fast your subject is moving. … Most of the time, however, you’ll want to avoid too fast of a shutter speed because it can look unnatural.

What is the slowest shutter speed you can use without getting camera shake?

Regardless of the lens you are using, the slowest shutter speed you should ever handhold at is about 1/90th of a second. Anything slower can result in soft images.

What is 180 degree shutter rule?

The 180° Shutter Rule To mimic motion the same way the human eye experiences it in real life, the 180-degree rule states that shutter speed should be set to double your frame rate. … (Most DSLR’s have the option to shoot at 1/50th but not 1/48th, so if shooting 24 fps, set shutter speed to 1/50th).

How do photographers shoot stars?

To photograph the stars in the sky as pinpoints of light, start with as wide an f/stop as your lens allows, and shutter speed of about 20 seconds. Any more time than that and the stars will begin to blur. Increase the ISO as needed for a good exposure.

What is the 300 rule in photography?

The 300 Rule for Crop Sensor Cameras Using the same lens examples as above, a 16mm focal length lens on a crop sensor camera works out to just over 18 seconds maximum exposure, 300/16 = 18.75. I would recommend rounding up to 20 seconds or down to 15 for simplicity.

What is the shutter speed rule?

The rule of thumb When hand holding your camera the shutter speed should match or exceed the lens focal length. In other words if you wanted a sharp, shake free shot with a 50mm lens your shutter speed would be 1/50th sec or faster.

What is the best shutter speed for night photography?

Night Photography Camera SettingsM – Manual mode.Shutter Speed – 30 to 60 seconds. As it’s dark, a longer shutter speed will give enough time to let a lot of light to enter the camera. … Aperture – f8, f11 or f 16. … ISO – 100 or 200. … Set White Balance to Auto. … Manual Focus. … Shoot in Raw.

What is NPF rule?

A much more complicated and accurate rule for sharp stars is: (35 x aperture + 30 x pixel pitch) ÷ focal length = shutter speed in seconds. Pixel pitch = the camera sensor’s physical width in millimeters ÷ number of pixels in width x 1000 to measure it in microns.

What is the 500 rule in photography?

You take the number 500 and then divided by the focal length of your lens = the longest exposure before stars start to trail or blur. For example; let’s say your taking a shot with a 16mm lens on a full frame camera. 500 / 16 = 31.25 seconds, which you can round to 30 seconds.

What is the 600 rule in photography?

The rule states that the maximum length of an exposure with stars that doesn’t result in star streaks is achieved by dividing the effective focal length of the lens into the number 600. A 50mm lens on a 35 mm camera, therefore would allow 600 / 50 = 12 seconds of exposure before streaks are noticeable.

Which DSLR is best for night photography?

Ideal Night Photography Camera Settings – The Things That MatterNikon D810 Full-Frame DSLR.Canon 7D Mark II APS-C DSLR.Canon 6D Full-Frame DSLR.Canon 5D Mark III/IV Full-Frame DSLR.Pentax K1 Full-Frame DSLR.Fuji X-T2 APS-C Mirrorless.Sony A7S Full-Frame Mirrorless.Sony Alpha a9.More items…•

What is the best shutter speed for waterfalls?

But when you’re photographing a waterfall, you actually WANT to capture that movement. If your shutter speed is too fast, you will simply freeze the water instead of capturing the flow. Depending on the flow of the water, a typical shutter speed for shooting a waterfall is between 1″ and 5″ (1″ = 1 second).